White Throated Kingfisher

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White-throated Kingfisher is also know as White Breasted Kingfisher or Smyrna kingfisher is widely distributed species of tree kingfisher.

 

Common name: White-Throated Kingfisher

Scientific name: Halcyon smyrnesis

Alternate Names: White Breasted Kingfisher or Smyrna

Regional Names:

Size: 28 cm

Migratory Status: Resident with some families making a small movement.

Visibility: Widely found across India.

Facts: State bird of West Bengal

Conservation Status: Least Concern with increasing population

Wildlife schedule: Schedule 4

Diet: Largely rely on crustaceans, insects,rodents, snakes, frogs, fishes, earthworms etc. Occasionally feeds on small birds   such as Oriental white eye and Red Wattled Lapwing.

Young ones mainly rely on an invertebrate.

Habitat: White-Throated Kingfisher is common species founds in a variety of habitats ranging from plain lands to Himalayan mountains up to height of 7500 feets.

Mostly seen on electric  and telephone wires, riverbank, woodland, and shrubland.

Nesting Period: Breeding season is onset of monsoon

The incubation period is 20-22 days chicks come out in 19 days.

Sexes: Alike

Predators: Very few predators when healthy due to powerful wings but in the exceptional case when old Black Kite and Jungle crow can prey on the bird.

white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) at Rishikesh Uttarakhand India
white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) at Rishikesh Uttarakhand India
white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) at Rishikesh Uttarakhand India
white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) at Rishikesh Uttarakhand India

 

Category:

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Coraciiformes
Family Alcedinidae
Genus Halcyon

 

Similar birds which create confusion in identification:

  1. Common Kingfisher
  2. Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher
  3. Pied Kingfisher
  4. Indian Roller

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