Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus

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Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus Chrysippus is medium sized butterfly widely found across Asia and Africa. This species has been studied in greater details than any other member of this family in India.

Plain tiger is diurnal species and rests with wings closed while basking it sits close to the ground and opens its wings fully so that it can exposed to sun rays.

 

Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India

Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus Chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India

 

Wing span : 7-8 cm

The body is black with many white spots on it.

The abdomen is yellowish above

male plain tiger is smaller than female. but brightly coloured.

Has 3 pair of black legs.

Egg: Silvery white shiny, tall and  bullet-shaped [1]

Caterpillar: Its uniformly cylindrical body is covered with bands of black and white interspersed with thick, yellow, dorsolateral spots. [1]

Pupa is pale green with a smooth surface

Legs and prolegs are black and head is shiny, smooth and has alternating black and white bands.

This species can found in the  variety of habitat from deserts to mountains up to the altitude of 9000 ft or 2700 mt. from mean sea level. Plain tiger butterfly is  the most common of Indian butterflies.

Tiny golden spot on shoulder and wing case.

Plain tiger breeds throughout the year except in the Himalayas, in the Himalayas breeding is seasonal.

laying of Eggs:

Female Plain tiger perches on leaf and bend its abdomen across the edge and lay eggs downside of a leaf. And to avoid overcrowd of caterpillar lays only one egg per leaf. After hatching female plain tiger first meal  is its eggshell.

Defense against predators:

Plain tiger has unpalatable alkaloids which cause severe vomiting these alkaloids are ingested in the larva stage. Plain tiger flies close to the ground and in the straight line this give ample time to predators to avoid the attack but if inexperienced predator attacks then also it learns quickly due to vomiting.

 

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Danaus
Species: D. Chrysippus

 

 

Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkas
Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus Chrysippus at Uttarkashi
Male Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkashi
Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus Chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India

 

Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India
Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India
Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India
Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India
Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India
Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India
Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India
Plain Tiger or African Monarch Butterfly Danaus chrysippus at Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand India

 

Reference:

[1] http://eol.org/pages/152069/details

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