Common name: White-Throated Kingfisher
Scientific name: Halcyon smyrnesis
Alternate Names: White Breasted Kingfisher or Smyrna
Size: 28 cm
Migratory Status: Resident with some families making a small movement.
Visibility: Widely found across India.
Facts: State bird of West Bengal
Conservation Status: Least Concern with increasing population
Wildlife schedule: Schedule 4
Diet: Largely rely on crustaceans, insects,rodents, snakes, frogs, fishes, earthworms etc. Occasionally feeds on small birds such as Oriental white eye and Red Wattled Lapwing.
Young ones mainly rely on an invertebrate.
Habitat: White-Throated Kingfisher is common species founds in a variety of habitats ranging from plain lands to Himalayan mountains up to height of 7500 feets.
Mostly seen on electric and telephone wires, riverbank, woodland, and shrubland.
Nesting Period: Breeding season is onset of monsoon
The incubation period is 20-22 days chicks come out in 19 days.
Predators: Very few predators when healthy due to powerful wings but in the exceptional case when old Black Kite and Jungle crow can prey on the bird.
[caption id="attachment_670" align="aligncenter" width="1024"] white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) at Rishikesh Uttarakhand India[/caption]
[caption id="attachment_671" align="aligncenter" width="1024"] white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) at Rishikesh Uttarakhand India[/caption]
Similar birds which create confusion in identification:
- Common Kingfisher
- Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher
- Pied Kingfisher
- Indian Roller